Early Life: M. S. Swaminathan was born on August 7, 1925, in Kumbakonam, India.

Education: He pursued his education in agriculture, earning a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture and a Ph.D. in Genetics from the University of Cambridge.

Green Revolution: Swaminathan played a pivotal role in India's Green Revolution, which transformed the country from a food-deficit to a food-surplus nation.

Father of Green Revolution in India: He is often referred to as the "Father of the Green Revolution in India" due to his contributions to agricultural science and technology.

Varietal Improvement: Swaminathan worked extensively on developing high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice, which significantly increased crop yields.

World Food Prize: He received the World Food Prize in 1987 for his outstanding contributions to increasing the global food supply.

Political Career: Apart from his scientific work, Swaminathan has held several important positions in Indian government agencies and international organizations.